So far, in this part of the Module, you have learnt many important topics concerning HIV and AIDS. This study session gives you the opportunity to learn about another aspect of this condition, which is especially important to you in your work as a Health Extension Practitioner. In particular, you will learn about:
- the basic principles and procedures of universal precautions
- infection-prevention methods in healthcare settings
- post-exposure HIV prophylaxis
- measures to be taken when a healthworker suffers a needle-stick injury
- referral for post-exposure prophylaxis for someone who has been raped.
You need to learn about infection prevention because the procedures to be described are very important for your daily work in the health post, and in the community at large. In particular, the guidance we give here will mean that you are unlikely to become infected with HIV and other blood-borne infectious agents through occupational exposure during your work as a Health Extension Practitioner.