Home-based care is the care of people affected by HIV/AIDS, cancer, and other chronic diseases, that is based in the patient's home. In the case of HIV/ AIDS, the need for home-based care largely corresponds to late HIV disease (stage 3) or AIDS (stage 4). Home-based care involves the community (depending on available resources) and healthcare workers in supporting the care provided by the family at home. Patients receiving home-based care may have been treated earlier in hospital, and may continue to receive some care from the health facility nearest to their home. Some of the preventative home-based care services for PLHIV are described below.