Summary

In this study session, you have learned that:

  • Pregnancy before the age of 18 year has several health risks, which include obstructed or prolonged labour, pre-eclampsia (hypertension in pregnancy), unsafe abortion and premature and stillbirth. It also has economic, social and psychological consequences for both girls and boys.
  • As pregnancy in adolescence has several bad effects, it is important that adolescents prevent or delay pregnancy through the appropriate use of contraceptive methods.
  • Contraceptive methods that are safe and appropriate for adolescents’ use include combined oral contraceptives, progestin-only pills, Depo-Provera (DMPA) injectable contraceptive, implants and condoms.
  • IUCDs are appropriate for young people when they are in a stable, mutually monogamous marriage.
  • The lactational amenorrhea method is appropriate for a young woman when the following three conditions are fulfilled: under six months postpartum, fully or nearly fully breastfeeding, and amenorrhaeic.
  • Abstinence is appropriate for young people who have not yet begun sexual activity, as well as those who are already sexually experienced. As abstinence provides protection against STIs and HIV/AIDS, it is good method for young people.
  • Emergency contraceptives should be available for young girls who have unprotected sex but must be used with in the first 120 hours (five days) following unprotected sexual intercourse.
Last modified: Tuesday, 24 June 2014, 2:01 PM