In the water sector, there are also several relevant government policy documents. Two of the most important are briefly described here.
Ethiopian Water Resources Management Policy
This policy aims to enhance and promote the efficient and fair use of water resources for socio-economic development in a sustainable manner (MoWR, 1999). It has specific provisions related to water supply and sanitation, irrigation, and hydropower, and also specifies policy on cross-cutting issues such as allocation of resources, watershed management, technology and gender.
Ethiopian Water Resources Management Proclamation (No. 197/2000)
This proclamation was issued in 2000 with the purpose of protecting natural water sources from degradation, excessive use and pollution. It gave authority to the Ministry of Water Resources to issue licences for the development of water resources (dams, drinking water supply and irrigation schemes) and permits to discharge wastes.