In Study Session 6, you have learned that:
- The OWNP has four major components: rural and pastoral WASH, urban WASH, institutional WASH and programme management and capacity building. There are sub-components covering water supply and sanitation separately.
- Rural water supply has five implementation modalities: woreda-managed projects, community-managed projects, NGO-managed, self-supply and multi-village schemes. In rural areas there is a history of failed water supply schemes due to lack of community participation.
- Rural sanitation and hygiene promotion is mainly undertaken by Health Extension Workers and the Health Development Army.
- Pastoral areas have particular difficulties accessing water and sanitation and need a different approach.
- Urban water supply is the responsibility of Town Water Boards and water utilities.
- Full cost recovery is expected to be applied for urban water supply whereas rural schemes are only expected to recover O&M costs.
- Institutional WASH in the OWNP includes schools and healthcare facilities. Good WASH services in these institutions are especially important to prevent the spread of waterborne diseases and promote good hygiene behaviour among children and the wider community.
- The programme management and capacity building component is a cross-cutting intervention that aims to strengthen and facilitate implementation of the WASH plans that are disaggregated into the first three components.
آخر تعديل: الأربعاء, 24 أغسطس 2016, 1:12