Types of stakeholders
OWNP stakeholders can be divided into those that are part of or associated with government and those that are not. The governmental group is described in Section 9.2 below. Non-governmental stakeholders consist of various types of organisation and groups of people that contribute to the OWNP in different ways.
There are three main types of non-governmental stakeholder who contribute to the OWNP:
- Major stakeholders: These are organisations that directly contribute funds to the Consolidated WASH Account (CWA) at federal level. (You will learn more about the CWA in Study Session 12.) They are the main contributing partners at national level and are eligible to receive quarterly progress, financial and audit reports from the National WASH Coordination Office (NWCO) (You learned about this in detail in Study Session 7). They are each represented by a non-voting member on the National WASH Steering Committee.
- Associated stakeholders: These are organisations that provide funding for the construction of water supply, sanitation and hygiene facilities, technical assistance, supplies and other support to OWNP. They may be implementers themselves or they may provide funds for the government implementers outside the Consolidated WASH Account. Associated stakeholders at national level will prepare annual work plans and budgets in collaboration with the NWCO and will report to them through quarterly progress and financial reports. They will receive quarterly OWNP progress reports and can participate in the Joint Technical Review (JTR) and Multi-Stakeholder Forum (MSF). (You will learn more about these two groups in Study Session 11.)
- Collaborating stakeholders: These are organisations that provide assistance to OWNP other than construction of WASH facilities. For example, they may provide training manuals or communication and promotional products. Collaborating stakeholders may be national or international organisations that provide defined services relating to specific outputs of the Programme. They will sign a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the coordinating offices at various levels, prepare annual work plans and budgets, and will report to the coordinating offices through quarterly progress and financial reports. They can also participate in the JTR and MSF.
As well as these various groups that make contributions of funds or activity to the OWNP, another very important set of stakeholders are all the people who use the WASH services. These could also be classed as ‘collaborating stakeholders’, although they are unlikely to have any type of formal agreement. Nevertheless, the consumers of water supply and users of sanitation facilities are all vitally important. Their involvement in implementation and participation in decision making is an essential part of the process and reflects the guiding principles of the OWNP, especially integration, harmonisation and partnership.