Summary

In Study Session 15, you have learned that:

  • Dividing the OWNP into two phases recognises the need for review and adjustment to allow for change. It is therefore probable that the policies, principles, institutional and financial arrangements of the OWNP will change in future.
  • GTP I ended in 2015, to be replaced by GTP II. GTP II reinforces the improvements in many themes of GTP I, including good governance, involvement of women, better integration and coordination among stakeholders.
  • GTP II includes new access criteria for water supply that will affect OWNP targets, and therefore physical and financial plans.
  • An increasing population means an increasing demand for water for household use and also for agriculture and industry.
  • The urban population is increasing, with additional demand for efficient, reliable and sustainable water and sanitation provision.
  • Climate change has an uncertain impact on water supply into the future, but planning should take account of adaptation and mitigation measures. The Environmental Protection Authority has responsibility for the national response to climate change and is promoting steps to achieve a climate-resilient economy.
  • The Millennium Development Goals target date was 2015. Ethiopia achieved the target for access to water in March 2015. New goals called Sustainable Development Goals have been agreed for the period to 2030.

Last modified: Wednesday, 24 August 2016, 5:32 PM