In study session V you have learnt
- A disaster is an unexpected accident resulting from natural or man-made factors (or a combination of both) that has a negative impact on the daily lives and living conditions of humans and flora.
- It is the Incident that occurs in a sudden manner, complex in nature, resulting in the loss of lives, damages to property or the environment as well as affecting the daily activities of local community.
- Natural disasters: include floods, droughts, earthquakes, cyclones, hurricanes, tornadoes, typhoons, landslides, volcanic eruptions etc.
- Man-made disasters: include chemical accidents, oil spills, radiological accidents, conflicts/wars, mass population displacement or refugee emigration, forest fires etc.
- Disaster management aims- To reduce, or avoid, the potential losses from hazards, Assure prompt and appropriate assistance to victims of disaster, Achieve rapid and effective recovery
- Disaster management should consider all aspects/ not only human/
- Need to be developmental strategies
- Follow all steps/cycles of disaster management
- Uses the principle of "preventions is better"
- The Disaster management cycle is an ongoing process by which governments, businesses, and civil society plan for and reduce the impact of disasters, react during and immediately following a disaster, and take steps to recover after a disaster has occurred.
- Component of Disaster Management cycle- Risk Management which includes Prevention, Mitigation and Preparedness; Crisis management/After disaster has occurred/ which includes Response and Recovery
Last modified: Monday, 21 November 2016, 9:22 AM