The causes of face presentation are similar to those already described for breech births:

  • Laxity (slackness) of the uterus after many previous full-term pregnancies
  • Multiple pregnancy
  • Polyhydramnios (excessive amniotic fluid)
  • Congenital abnormality of the fetus (e.g. anencephaly, which means no or incomplete skull bones)
  • Abnormal shape of the mother's pelvis.
Last modified: Sunday, 18 May 2014, 1:30 AM